Welcome to Madhya Pradesh, which is situated in the centre of India, is often called the heart of India not just because of its location in the center of the country, but also because, it has been home to the cultural heritage of the Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam. The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. This state is the second largest state of India, but after Chhattisgarh’s, its area is no longer as large as it used to be. The state is also rich in natural beauty, it has large plateau, high mountain ranges, flowing rivers, dense forests and wide variety of animals like White Tiger, Sambar, Nilgai, barking deer, etc.
The state has two hill ranges Vindhya and Satpura that have traditionally served as boundary markers between north and south India. It also has a number of rivers, such as Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, which make it agriculturally fertile. Narmada, which runs between two hill ranges, is the most important river and is worshipped locally as a goddess.
These natural features have created a landscape of plateaus, river valleys, hills, and forests, but mostly the state can be seen as plateau land with low hills. The weather is largely warm and dry, and almost unbearably hot during summers. MP is a primarily rural and its largely tribal economy runs on agriculture and forest-produce; but there are also urban centres such as Bhopal, Indore and Gwalior. These cities, in addition to Khajuraho and Jabalpur, have domestic airports.
For the visitor, this large state can be understood in four parts: central, with Bhopal